What Is Classed As Home Education By Local Authorities?

Home education, also known as elective home education or home schooling, is a recognised alternative to attending formal schooling, whereby parents or guardians take on the responsibility of educating their children at home. In England, while education is compulsory, school attendance is not, provided children receive an efficient full-time education suitable for their age, ability, and any special educational needs they may have.

Understanding Home Education Classification

Home education offers a way for parents to provide education that may align more closely with their values, philosophical beliefs, or the specific needs of their child. It is legal under section 7 of the Education Act 1996, which mandates that children must receive a suitable education at home or otherwise. Home education is defined as the choice by parents to provide education for their children at home, or through a combination of home-based and other educational settings such as online schooling, instead of enrolling them in full-time traditional school settings.

Reasons for Home Educating:

  • Philosophical or religious beliefs
  • Dissatisfaction with the traditional school system
  • Bullying or mental health issues
  • Special educational needs not met by conventional schools

Local Authorities’ View and Statistics

According to the Department for Education (DfE), as of January 2023, there were approximately 86,200 registered home educated pupils in England. These statistics highlight a significant portion of the student population opting for home education, with the figures likely underestimating the actual numbers due to voluntary registration.

Home Education by the Numbers:

Year Registered Home Educated Pupils
October 2022 80,900
January 2023 86,200

The increase in home educated pupils is reflective of broader social changes and parental choices, influenced perhaps by the global pandemic and shifting educational philosophies.

Legal Framework and Responsibilities

Parental Responsibilities:

  • Ensuring the education is full-time and efficient.
  • Tailoring the education to suit the child’s age, ability, aptitude, and any special needs.
  • Assuming full financial responsibility for their child’s education.

Local Authorities’ Responsibilities:

  • No formal powers to monitor home education directly.
  • Duty to intervene if there’s a reason to believe a child is not receiving a suitable education.
  • Recommending voluntary annual check-ins with home educating families to offer support and guidance.

Legislative Context and Government Stance

Significant discussions and consultations have been ongoing regarding the need for a more regulated framework for home education. This includes the abandoned Schools Bill of 2022 which proposed mandatory registration for home educated children to ensure better monitoring and support structures.

Consultation and Legislative Proposals:

  • 2019: Proposals for mandatory registration to improve oversight.
  • 2022: Schools Bill including provisions for a home-schooling register (later abandoned).
  • Ongoing consultations aimed at reviewing and possibly tightening the regulatory framework around home education.

Challenges and Critiques

The primary critique of home education comes from concerns about the lack of oversight, which could potentially lead to inconsistencies in the quality of education provided. Critics argue for more robust mechanisms to ensure that children receive an education that not only promotes academic skills but also social and emotional development.

Potential Issues:

  • Quality and comprehensiveness of education.
  • Social isolation and lack of regular interaction with peers.
  • The challenge of providing a balanced curriculum without formal training.


While home education offers families the flexibility to design an educational experience that they deem most appropriate for their children, it also necessitates significant commitment and responsibility from parents. Institutions like Cambridge School Online play a vital role in supporting these efforts by providing structured online education options that complement home schooling. Local authorities are crucial in balancing respect for parental rights with the imperative to ensure all children receive a quality education. As societal attitudes towards education evolve and diversify, ongoing dialogue between home educating families, educational institutions like Cambridge School Online, and regulatory bodies will be essential in shaping policies that uphold the educational rights and needs of all children.


What is home education?

Home education, or elective home education, is a legal schooling alternative in England where parents or guardians personally manage the education of their children at home. This could include a mix of home-based learning and online educational services, providing a tailored educational experience that aligns with the family’s values and the child’s needs.

Why do parents choose home education?

Parents may opt for home education for various reasons including philosophical or religious beliefs, dissatisfaction with the standard school system, instances of bullying, or if the child’s special educational needs are not being met in traditional school settings.

How many children are home educated in England?

As of January 2023, there were about 86,200 registered home educated pupils in England. This statistic is considered an underestimate since registration is voluntary.

What are the responsibilities of parents who home educate?

Parents are responsible for ensuring that the education they provide is full-time, efficient, and suits the child’s age, ability, aptitude, and any special needs. Financial responsibility for the child’s education also rests solely with the parents.

How do local authorities interact with home education?

Local authorities in England do not have formal powers to directly monitor home education but have a duty to intervene if they believe a child is not receiving a suitable education. They are recommended to perform voluntary annual check-ins to support and guide home educating families.

Recommended Posts